Bahama cassia is a tall upright shrub that achieves a height of 3 to 9 feet . This shrub produces little yellow flowers in the fall which accentuate the dark green leaves. Butterflies are attracted o the profuse flowers.
The Bahama cassia tends to be short-lived and may begin to decline after only four or five years. The short life-span is offset by self seeding. This feature creates both a source of new plants and creating a potential weed problem
The live oak is the state tree of Georgia and is known as the “southern symbol of strength”. They can grow 60 to 100 feet with a trunk diameter of up to 6 feet! The branches of these trees are usually draped in Spanish moss which is not harmful to the trees. The leaves are approx. 2-5” long, elliptically shaped, stiff, shiny, dark green in color. The oaks also produce sweet, edible acorns for wild animals.
Live oaks can live on average 100 years or more. The oldest live oaks in the country are estimated to be several hundred to a thousand years old
This oak is a fast growing, tall and full tree. They can grow to 60+ feet with a 3-4 foot diameter trunk. The leaves of this oak are similar to the live oak with 3-4” elliptically shaped, leathery, dark shiny leaves. The tree produces acorns usually solitary but occasionally in pairs. It is an important food resource for birds and small mammals.
Laurel oaks are mainly used for landscaping along with fuel wood and pulp wood for making paper.
Laurel Oaks have a 50-70 year lifespan. Their tree trunks and branches usually hollow with decay while other type of oaks are more resistant and live longer.
The Slash Pine is a medium to large conifer tree that can grow up to 100 feet with a trunk size of 3 feet in diameter. They are found in the Coastal plain through north and central Florida. The Slash Pine has “brooms” of needles at the ends of rough twigs - usually 2 brooms per twig. The needles can be anywhere from 5-11” long and are yellowish-green to bluish-green, stiff and slightly twisted. Large red-brown cones also adorn this tree.
Slash Pines, back in the day, were a major source for the naval industry producing turpentine and rosins. This use has all but disappeared.
The wood from these trees are typically now used for railroad ties, lumber, fuel and pulp.
This tree has a super long lifespans and can often live to be over 300 years old!
A native tree of India, it is a very hardy tree that thrives in ecosystems ranging from the Sahara Desert to the wet and salty environment of the Florida Keys. It is unique in that it contains an active insecticide found in the leaves and wood, so you won’t find any bugs in this tree! In good soil it can grow 50-60 feet tall, live 200 years, and produce fragrant white flowers. The fruit it bears is like a stone fruit which is considered not pleasant tasting and quite bitter. But it is best known for containing a chemical compound known as “Neem oil”. This oil is found concentrated in the seeds of this tree. Neem oil can be burned in lamps, used as a spermicide and is used in the manufacture of soap, toothpaste and skin care products. But it is best known for its insecticide properties as it is effective against some 200 insect species.